In 2017, 17.3 million American adults had experienced at least one depression episode. Depression is a huge issue in the United States and it?s only increasing year after year without any signs of slowing down. Anti-depression medication have existed for a while but they all come with they?re side-effects. According to WebMd, anti-depression medication has many side-effects such as nausea, increase in appetite which can lead to weight gain, and anxiety. Recently, CBD is getting so much hype about it?s capability of fighting depression. CBD studies have shown good progress in the fight against depression.
How the Endocannabinoid System Work?
In order to understand how CBD interacts with the human body, it?s imperative to first understand how the Endocannabinoid system in our bodies work. The Endocannabinoid system is a system in the human body made up of endogenous lipid-based retrograde neurotransmitters called endocannabinoid. The system plays an important role in regulating cognitive and psychological processes such as appetite, mood, fertility, and pain sensation. This system has two main receptors: the CB1 and CB2 receptors. So what are CB1 and CB2 Receptors?
What are CB1 Receptors?
The CB1 receptor was first discovered in 1990. It is mainly located in cells in the brain, intestines, and nervous system. The CB1 receptor has one main role which is to hinder neurotransmitter release.
What are CB2 Receptors?
The CB2 receptor on the other hand, it is located in white blood cells, spleen, and tonsils. The CB2 receptors are responsible for regulating cytokine release. According to the US National Library of Medicine, cytokine help in moderating and regulating the immunity, inflammation, and hematopoiesis. The body makes its own cannabinoid called 2-AG. It interacts with CB2 receptors to regulate and balance the human body. However, external factors such as stress can hinder the process. That?s where CBD comes in. CBD binds with CB2 receptors so perfectly that it?s worth studying its effect on the human body.
Why Do We Have CBD Receptors?
Humans do not have CBD receptors in the body; instead they have natural receptors in which CBD interacts with. The reason why CBD interacts very well with CB2 receptors is because it shares a lot of common attributes as the 2-AG cannabinoid which the body naturally creates.
How CBD Interacts with CB2 Receptors To Fight Depression?
CBD interacts very well with CB1 and CB2 receptors hence making it a crucial element to study in the fight against depression. Research on CBD have shown great progress in the fight against depression. Current anti-depression are leading to many side-effects especially increase in appetite which only depresses the individual more after gaining weight.
According to a publication by CNS & Neurological Disorders in 2014 titled Antidepressant-Like and Anxiolytic-Like Effects of Cannabidiol: A Chemical Compound of Cannabis sativa, a study was made by conducting experiments on rats for depression disorders. The rats undergo a forced swimming test (FST) which measures the depression levels of a rat. The group of depressed rats was divided into three groups. The first group was not given any form of medication. The second group was given anti-depression medication. Whereas, the third group was given injections of CBD.
The FST tests have shown that the group that took CBD swam the most which is a good indicator of less depressed rats. The group that took antidepressant medication also swam as well. However, the group that didn?t take any medication swam the least. This shows that CBD did in fact affect the behavior of depression in rats. Moreover, the group that took CBD was still swimming as much even after the medication stopped. The group that took antidepressant medication started to slowly go back to their depressed state. In one way antidepressant medication can become addicting to keep an individual with depression disorder happy.
How Much CBD for Depression?
According to a CBD retailer, the daily intake of CBD should be between 2.5 and 15mg of pure CBD oil for general health. However, for chronic issues, it’s recommended a daily intake between 2.5mg and 20mg. If the depression is causing sleep disorders, it’s recommended to up the dosage by starting with 40mg and going up slowly till 160mg. It’s ideal to get a more CBD concentrated oil like the 1000mg CBD oil. The CBD 25mg capsules are a great way of starting out for max benefit.
CBD For Depression Concluded
Many Americans experienced some kind of depression episode finding a solution that is not addicting and would not also lead to even more signs of depression. CBD is a compound that binds very well with CB2 receptors of the endocannabinoid system which is a system that helps regulate the human body. CBD helps in regulating the immunity, lowers inflammation and pain, and also aids in fighting depression. As the US government is relaxing its rules on CBD, I predict we will be seeing more scientific research and studies which can help make CBD more mainstream.